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8 Jun 2021

Choosing a microphone. Choosing a microphone is a very basic and delicate task in recording projects.

a. Capacitor or dynamic?

Generally speaking, we choose condenser microphones. This is because of the high sensitivity of the condenser microphone, especially the high-frequency component of the sound, which is rich in the sound of percussion instruments such as triangles. Dynamic microphones are not impossible to use, but it can be seen that it is impossible to capture the necessary and sufficient sound details. As a result, he gets close to the sound and emits it directly, making it unsuitable for recording a sense of space!

b. Large diaphragm vs. small diaphragm.

In most cases, small-diaphragm microphones work better than large-diaphragm ones. In the case of large-diaphragm microphones, the better the microphone, the more low-frequency sound it can pick up. However, most percussion sounds are in the mid-high and high frequency range, and too many low frequency components can muddy the mix. Therefore, there are many reasons why we should use a small-diaphragm microphone. When recording percussion instruments with low frequencies or a strong punchy sound, consider choosing a microphone with a large diaphragm. Also... the large-diaphragm microphones commonly found in studios are not very convenient for producing LIVE... as a result, the large-diaphragm receives more spaciousness...

Let's not forget...the studio environment is controlled! The ambient conditions in the field are constantly changing! The large-diaphragm microphone receives a wide range of sound and is highly sensitive. If you're trying to get a live radio in and out of the system, it's easy to cause serial sound... Repetition and other problems!

c. Select the appropriate microphone from the microphone response map.

When choosing a microphone for recording an instrument, you should pay attention to the pleasant sound and ensure a flat frequency response in the high band. If the microphone has bulges or dips in the high band frequency curve, there is a chance that the recorded sound will be harsh and screechy, and the recorded fiddle will be hard to hear. In addition, there is another reason to avoid the microphone's high band frequency curve from protruding and eating into the dynamic balance of the level wired microphone price.

d. The microphone is subject to dynamics and sound pressure.

You choose a microphone that can handle a lot of volume (a sound pressure level of 120dB or more). This is because percussive instruments generate a lot of high-frequency energy, and these sounds do not damage the microphone. When recording percussion, I don't want to use a tube microphone. I prefer to use a microphone that does not render the sound in any way and picks up the sound correctly. Some people may prefer a warm, rich sound. In this case, choosing a tube mic will suit your needs. The same goes for microphone preamps, preferring equipment that faithfully reflects the true nature of the sound. When microphones use a full range of pickup patterns, there is no sound staining, but you must find a very quiet room. This is because the microphone picks up sound from all directions. Using a directional microphone avoids the effects of outside sound, but can produce too much bass.

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